- When looking for information in a specific situation, I use multiple sources for better evaluation of the search outcome.
- I check for indicators of a reliable information: author (their expertise in the subject), institution that published the information, references to other sources, time of publication, language used, users’ rating, comments etc.
- I am aware of the fact that there are people who provide false information to support their purposes (e.g. fake news).
- I know basic mechanisms of search engines (how to create a search phrase, how to use keywords, why certain websites are on top of the results list).
- I am aware that the information I can access through search engine or social media platforms is dependent on key words, algorithms and my search history, therefore different users receive different information.
The world of information
How to search for information effectively? What is a filter bubble? Tutorial and activity ideas
Is this source reliable or fake? 10 questions to reconsider
The internet contains a wealth of information. But how do you know which sources you can and cannot trust? These tips should help you along.
Beyond Fake News
Infographic presenting 10 Types of misleading news
- I understand that media texts have their own audiovisual language and their meaning is created by using specific framing, camera angle, lighting, colour, sound and editing.
- I am aware that different forms of media expression develop subcategories and genres (e.g. cinema, TV and the web develop different genres like fiction, documentary, comedy, thriller, science fiction, live shows, reportage, commentary videos etc.) which have their own specific styles and conventions. Also that written forms have their own characteristics (e.g. writing a blog post is different than a press release, an article, an email or a Facebook post).
- I can express, discuss and share personal views about the messages of a film/video, its story, its use of visual and audio language as well as additional means of expression like music, acting, scenery etc. In this way, I can encourage a framework of argumentation and expression of different points of view among the members of a group.
- I know that media texts present a selective view of reality e.g. a reporter or a video- maker choose whom to interview, select camera framing and, thus, reveal or hide information.
- I know that a media text reflects not only what is being presented, but also the cultural context and the time period in which the text had been created (e.g. a film about a historical hero is inevitably reflecting the film producers’ opinion about this hero).
- I am aware that the screening device and environment (e.g. watch alone, or in a group, or in public) may affect the way I perceive a media text and how I want to share my views about it.
Frames and shots
Introduction about the frames and shots in media literacy. How far? How close? Why?
One object... many images!
Introductory activity referring to the meaning created by visual elements in a picture.
Describing a public place
Introductory activity referring to the subjective choices involved in any visual description.
My version of a story
Introductory activity referring to the narrative function of separate, juxtaposed shots.
Tell a story through sounds exclusively.
Variations on a theme
Activity based on viewing and discussing excerpts of films with a common theme.
In my own view
Viewing of school-videos and critical evaluation through collective, online voting.
Visual Literacy - how to think and act with images
Introduction to visual literacy and inspiring best practices.
- I can use a variety of technical devices (set up a printer, use a video camera, set up a video game console, mobile devices etc.).
- I am able to use different software and apps that are needed for media creation projects (e.g. editing tools for photo, audio and video, office software, game design engines).
- I can create and edit information in order to communicate it through different media, taking into account their limits, benefits and needs of my target audience.
- I know how to create a presentation in different forms (blog, YouTube channel, exhibition etc.).
- I am able to solve simple technical problems or I know where to look for help when encountering a technical problem, e.g. technical forum.
- I explore new ways of creating interactive aesthetical experiences (e.g. create a interactive sound installation in the youth club).
- I experiment with coding, hardware and software and try to create meaningful links to other youth work activities.
- I see the value of remix culture and how it can be used in youth work.
- I understand that social media can be used to exclude, bully, sexualy harass and exploit. I encourage young people to ask for help and support.
- I know it is important to question the motivations of people online, for example to avoid phishing or manipulation.
- I understand that extreme organisations promote conflict and hate to advance their political ends. I use multiple and reliable sources of information to resist such promotions.
- I know how to install and use anti virus, spam filter, encrypt communication etc.
- I am able to decide if a programme or network is safe to use.
- I know I can’t publish online images of others without their consent. I know that for minor a parent’s consent is required.
- I know what free licences are and how to search for free licensed music and photos.
- I know how to credit a photo that I used in a presentation (name of the author, link to the source and licence).
- When objects with a visible brand show up in a film, I know that it’s likely that the company has paid for this to happen as part of their marketing strategy.
- I know that newspapers, online as well as offline, often present sponsored content in ways that are very similar to objective reporting. I know to look out for indications that content might be sponsored.
- I know that (media) companies create web content only to get me to click on a link to go to a certain webpage, and thus earn money. I know clickbait content is most often of poor journalistic quality and is playing on curiosity and emotions.
- I know every time I click on a link, for example on Facebook, my data will be collected to be used further for marketing purposes. I know that I can find information about it in terms and conditions.
- I know what cookies or the browser history are and how I can delete them.
- I know that my location can be tracked while using my devices.
- I know that it is wrong to spread hateful and prejudiced messages.
- I respect different opinions and I am open to dialogue.
- I am supportive to others and engage in a helpful way (e.g. by reporting insults or hate speech).
- I consciously choose which content can be publicly shared and which only to a specific audience.
- I know that when I put something online about myself, I lose control over it. It becomes impossible to delete completely, and it could be traced back to me for a long time.
- I set up, review and adjust my privacy settings on a regular basis.
- I choose strong passwords and keep them safe and private.
- I know the media related legal youth protection obligations in my country.
- I can chose a game appropriate for my target group using PEGI labels.
- I can install filter software in order to minimise the risk of accessing harmful or dangerous content.
- I can present my opinion in a public debate (on a forum, social media group, in public consultations).
- I can gather support behind an idea, for example by setting up and promoting an online petition.
- I can use media tools to influence and activate my local community.
- I know where to find research and sources of frequently collected data on media usage of young people.
- I observe children and young people using their smartphones in different situations, for example speding time with friends, studying, in a workshop.
- I talk with young people about how they use the media. I ask about their favourite websites, which YouTubers they follow, what they use their smartphones for etc.
- I follow news articles, blogs about new trends in media.
- I exchange good media literacy practices with other youth and/or media literacy organisations.
- I search for new or updated training materials about media literacy and young people.
- I can suggest communication strategies that parents and teachers can use to open up discussions with young people about appropriate and inappropriate media usage.
- I know negotiation strategies designed to help young people identify appropriate limits for themselves.
- I can define the term ‘addiction’ and identify sources of advice and support in relation to addiction.
- I understand the term ‘moral panic’ and the need for a calm and reasoned approach to young people’s media use.
- I can recognise existing media related abilities and competencies of my target group.
- I can choose adequate activities for my objectives.
- I can use tools and strategies for participation and engagement.
- I can prepare simple tools for monitoring and evaluation.
- I can find innovative ways to use media tools.
- I can use inspiration from other fields to develop media activities.
- I know where to find out about new tools and applications, e.g. app stores, blogs, dedicated social media groups.
- I use online sources (e.g. tutorials, forums) when learning to use a new tool.
- I exchange experiences with other youth workers, e.g. by participating in networks.
- I participate in trainings on technical, aesthetical, educational and legal issues according to my needs.